The Basics of Soldering

Lead, Flux, and Sweat



Read through the instructions carefully before attempting to solder. Also read the disclaimer.

This guide will show basic soldering and desoldering techniques. It will not cover every basis of soldering but it should give you a decent grasp of how to solder and desolder.

Tools needed to solder

  • Soldering Iron
    • A 25 Watt iron from Radio Shack will be sufficient for most basic soldering needs
    • I personally use a 25 Watt Weller Iron
  • Rosin-core Solder
    • Try to get some thin stuff – around 20 gauge
    • Rosin-core has flux inside the solder which makes it flow better
  • Old Kitchen Sponge
    • This is to clean the tip of your iron
    • Keep it damp
    • I use the sponge about every 3 or so joints I solder
  • Tip Tinner and Cleaner
    • Removes gunk off your Iron’s tip that the sponge can not remove
    • I dip my Iron’s tip in the cleaner/tinner after I finish soldering to keep it clean till the next time I solder
  • Easy/Quick Braid
    • A copper mesh that sucks up solder when heated


How to Solder

Step 1:



Take your hot soldering iron and press the tip on the part you want to solder onto.

Step 2:



Then press the solder against the hot component. This is called “tinning”. Make sure not to over do it.

Step 3:



How the area should look like after you add the solder.

Step 4:



Tin your other lead the same way. If you ordered a video mod from me your leads are pre-tinned.

Step 5:



Stick your tinned lead next to the spot that you tinned early and apply your soldering iron to it.

Step 6:



Remove the iron and let it cool before you move it. See that was easy!

If you notice a build-up of solder on your Iron’s tip wipe the tip off with the damp kitchen sponge. This will remove the excess solder. Also after finishing soldering dip your tip in some cleaner/tinner and wipe the excess off with the sponge. This will keep the tip from corroding and solder from sticking.


Desoldering

So you accidentally soldered the wrong part or added to much solder? No worries! A quick use of quick braid will fix it up.

Step 1:



The solder we want to remove.

Step 2:



Take your braid and lay it over the area.

Step 3:



Apply your hot soldering iron and press down. When the braid heats up it will soak up the solder like a sponge.

Step 4:



Solder no more